2 janvier 1941

2 janvier 1941

2 janvier 1941

Janvier 1941

1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031
> Février

Méditerranéen

La Royal Navy et la Royal Air Force bombardent Bardia (à partir du 1er janvier)



La cathédrale de Llandaff est gravement endommagée lors du pire bombardement allemand du Blitz de Cardiff - 2 janvier 1941

Une photographie des graves dommages causés à la nef de la cathédrale de Llandaff.

Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Cardiff Docks était l'un des plus grands ports charbonniers du monde. La ville s'est ainsi avérée une cible tentante pour la Luftwaffe allemande lors de son bombardement de la Grande-Bretagne. À partir de 1940 et jusqu'en 1943, les Allemands ont bombardé à plusieurs reprises Cardiff dans ce que l'on se souvient comme le Cardiff Blitz. La pire nuit de bombardement a cependant eu lieu le 2 janvier 1941.

Cette nuit fatidique a vu 165 personnes tuées et 427 autres blessées. Environ 350 maisons ont été détruites ou ont dû être démolies. L'un des bâtiments les plus emblématiques à avoir subi des dommages cette nuit-là était la cathédrale de Llandaff, une construction du XIIe siècle. Pendant le bombardement, une mine parachute a été larguée suffisamment près de la cathédrale pour arracher le toit de la nef, du bas-côté sud et de la salle capitulaire. La flèche et l'orgue de la cathédrale ont également subi des dommages nécessitant des réparations.

Une image de la cathédrale de Llandaff après sa restauration.

Un témoin oculaire a décrit ainsi l'explosion qui a endommagé la cathédrale de Llandaff : « Un énorme cratère a éclaté parmi les tombes anciennes du cimetière et des pierres tombales ont été lancées comme d'anciens missiles à plus d'un kilomètre de distance. En raison de la gravité des bombardements, la cathédrale de Llandaff a subi le deuxième plus grand nombre de dégâts parmi les cathédrales britanniques, seule la cathédrale de Coventry subissant plus de dégâts.

Une restauration complète de la cathédrale a commencé en 1949 sous la direction de l'architecte George Pace. La restauration n'a été achevée qu'en 1958, lorsque la cathédrale a été rouverte pour une utilisation complète.


2 janvier 1941 - Histoire

NAVIRES DE LA MARINE ROYALE, DOMINION ET INDIENNE, JANVIER 1941 (Partie 2 de 2)

(pour plus d'informations sur le navire, accédez à la page d'accueil de l'histoire navale et saisissez le nom dans la recherche sur le site)

Certains navires de guerre sont répertoriés avec leur propre unité et à nouveau lorsqu'ils sont détachés d'un autre

COMMANDEMENT DE L'ATLANTIQUE NORD

Vice-amiral Sir G Frederick B Edward-Collins KCB, KCVO

Navire de base, Gibraltar - CORMORAN

Bataille navale - RÉSOLUTION (Capt A R Halfhide CBE) arr Gibraltar le 16 décembre de Freetown.

Croiseur lourd - BERWICK (Capt G L Warren) arr Gibraltar 31 déc

13e flottille de destroyers

25e Division - DUNCAN (Capt A D B James Actg, Lt Cdr A N Rowell du 13 février) dep Gibraltar 31 décembre, RENCONTRE (Lt Cdr E V St J Morgan) arr Freetown 31 décembre, ISIS (Cdr C S B Swinley DSC) arr Freetown 31 décembre

26e Division - VIDETTE (Lt EN Walmsley) dep Gibraltar 31 Dec, VELOX (Lt Cdr EG Roper DSC) dep Gibraltar 31 Dec, WISHART (Cdr ET Cooper) arr Gibraltar 29 Dec, WRESTLER (Lt EL Jones DSC) à Portsmouth en réparation de comp 30 janv.

8e flottille de sous-marins - établissement à terre PIGMY (Cdr G B H Fawkes) à Gibraltar, sous-marins OLYMPUS (Lt Cdr H G Dymott) arr Gibraltar 29 déc, OTUS (Lt Cdr E C F Nicolay) arr Gibraltar 4 janv, PANDORA (Lt Cdr J W Linton) arr Gibraltar 14 janv.

7e Groupe anti-sous-marin - chalutiers anti-sous-marins ARCTIC RANGER (SO, Cdr JH Young Rtd), ERIN (Actg Cdr JO Davies RNR), HAARLEM (Ty Lt LB Merrick RNVR), KINGSTON CHRYSOLITE (Ty Lt RL Green, RVR) dep 29 déc pour Liverpool, LEYLAND (Lt Cdr A Wilkinson RNR), LORD HOTHAM (Sk JW Morris RNR), tous à ou au départ de Gibraltar

92e Groupe de déminage - chalutiers dragueurs de mines CLYNE CASTLE (Lt T Fraser RNR), HONJU (Ch Sk J Bowie RNR), tous deux à Gibraltar

Service de contrôle de la contrebande - navires d'arraisonnement armés ACHROITE (Sk GWH Mortlock RNR ), ALOUETTE (Lt Lord Churston RNVR), ANGLIA (Lt R McCready RNR), CHARLES McIVER (Lt BTR Russell RNR), FEASIBLE (Sk CC Findlay RNR), IMPERIALIST (Pbty Ty Lt PE Kitto RNR), KINGSTON JACINTH (Lt Cdr A Ayre Rtd) du 29 décembre pour Liverpool, KINGSTON TOPAZ (Cdr WL Smith RNR), KINGSTON TURQUOISE (Lt LA White RNR) du 29 décembre pour Liverpool, LOCH OSKAIG (Lt Cdr S Darling RANR ), LORNA (Actg Lt R Atkinson RNR), ROSABELLE (Lt HH Brown RNR), SAYONARA (Cdr H Hamilton Rtd), SCOTTISH (Cdr SA Brooks OBE Rtd), TIERCEL (Lt RRL Rosoman RNR Rtd) à Greenock, sinon tous à ou dep Gibraltar

Remorqueurs - ST DAY (Lt Cdr J Sharples RNR Rtd), ST OMAR (pas de CO répertorié), tous deux à Gibraltar

FORCE H

Vice-amiral Sir James F Somerville KCB, DSO

Croiseur de bataille - RENOWN (Drapeau, Somerville, Capt C E B Simeon, Capt R R McGrigor à partir du 23 janvier) arr Gibraltar le 30 décembre

Bataille navale - MALAISIE (Capt A F E Palliser DSC) arr Gibraltar 24 déc

Porte-avions - ARK ROYAL (Capt C S Holland) à Gibraltar avec un préavis de huit heures.

Croiseur léger - SHEFFIELD (Capt C A A Larcom) arr Gibraltar 30 déc

8e flottille de destroyers (Capt AF de Salis) - FAULKNOR (de Salis) arr Gibraltar 30 déc, FEARLESS (Cdr AF Pugsley) Troon, FIREDRAKE (Lt Cdr SH Norris DSO, DSC) dep Gibraltar 31 déc, FORESIGHT (Lt Cdr GT Lambert, Cdr JSC Salter à partir du 14 janvier) à Liverpool, FORESTER (Lt Cdr EB Tancock DSC) arr Gibraltar 31 décembre, FORTUNE (Lt Cdr EN Sinclair) arr Gibraltar 29 décembre, FOXHOUND (Lt Cdr GH Peters DSC) dep Gibraltar 31 décembre, FURY (Lt Cdr TC) Robinson) arr Gibraltar le 31 déc.

FLOTTE MÉDITERRANÉENNE

Vice-amiral Sir Andrew B Cunningham KCB, DSO sur WARSPITE,

promu amiral le 3 janvier 1941

Navire de base - NILE (Adm arrière F Elliott OBE Rtd, Adm arrière Actg G H Creswell DSO, DSC à partir du 5 février)

1er escadron de combat (Arr Adm H B Rawlings OBE sur BARHAM) - cuirassés BARHAM (Capt G C Cooke), VALIANT (Capt C E Morgan DSO) arr 24 Dec, WARSPITE (Capt D B Fisher CBE) arr 24 Dec, tous arr ou à Alexandrie

Porte-avions (Rear Adm A L St G Lyster CB, CVO, DSO sur ILLUSTRIOUS) - EAGLE (Capt A R M Bridge CBE) à Alexandria, ILLUSTRIOUS (Capt D W Boyd CBE, DSC) arr Alexandria 24 Dec

3e escadron de croiseurs (Arrière Adm R de F Renouf DSO) - croiseur lourd YORK (Capt R H Portal DSC) dep Suda Bay 30 décembre, croiseurs légers GLASGOW (Capt J W Cuthbert Actg) à Alexandrie en cours de réparations temporaires. GLOUCESTER (Drapeau, Capt H A Rowley) dep Suda Bay 30 déc

7e escadron de croiseurs (Rear Adm Light Forces, Rear Adm HD Pridham-Wippell CB, CVO, promu Vice Adm le 3 janvier 1941) - croiseurs légers AJAX (Capt EDB McCarthy) arr Suda Bay 1 Jan, LIVERPOOL (Capt AL Poland DSO, DSC) à Alexandrie subissant des réparations temporaires, ORION (Drapeau, Capt GRB Back) arr Alexandrie 23 décembre, Australien PERTH (Capt Sir Philip W Bowyer-Smith Bt) arr Suda Bay 1er janvier, SYDNEY (Capt JA Collins CB RAN) à Malte

Croiseur attenant - croiseur léger SOUTHAMPTON (Capt B C B Brooke) dep Aden le 25 déc, arr Alexandria 30 déc

Navires anti-aériens - croiseur anti-aérien CALCUTTA (Capt D M Lees DSO) dep Suda Bay 30 décembre, COVENTRY (Capt D Gilmour) à Alexandrie, endommagé, réparations comp 20 janvier, destroyer WRYNECK (Lt Cdr R H D Lane) arr Alexandrie 23 décembre

2e flottille de destroyers (Capt H St L Nicolson DSO) - HASTY (Lt Cdr LRK Tyrwhitt) arr Gibraltar le 24 décembre, HAVOCK (Cdr RE Courage DSO, DSC) à Malte, HEREWARD (Cdr CW Greening) dep Gibraltar 25 décembre, HERO (Cdr HW Biggs DSO ) dep Gibraltar 31 Dec, HOTSPUR (Cdr HFH Layman DSO) à Malte, ILEX (Nicolson) arr Alexandria 24 Dec, IMPERIAL (Lt Cdr CA De W Kitcat) à Malte

10e flottille de destroyers (Capt H M L Waller DSO)

Division 19 - destroyers australiens STUART (Capt Waller RAN) à Malte jusqu'au 31 décembre, VAMPIRE (temporairement Waller pendant la réparation de STUART, Cdr JA Walsh RAN) arr Alexandria 20 Dec, VENDETTA (Lt Cdr R Rhoades RAN) dep Alexandria 23 Dec, VOYAGER (Cdr JC Morrow DSO RAN) arr Alexandrie 22 déc avec WATERHEN, WATERHEN (Lt Cdr JH Swain) arr Alexandrie 1 jan endommagé

Division 20 - DAINTY (Cdr M S Thomas DSO) dep Alexandria 31 Dec, DECOY (Cdr E G McGregor DSO) à Malte, DEFENDER (Lt Cdr G L Farnfield) dep Suda Bay 24 Dec, DIAMOND (Lt Cdr P A Cartwright) arr Alexandria 31 Dec

14e flottille de destroyers (Capt P J Mack DSO)

Division 27 - JANUS (Cdr JAW Tothill) jusqu'à Alexandrie le 24 décembre, JERVIS (Mack) jusqu'à Alexandrie le 30 décembre, JUNO (Cdr St JRJ Tyrwhitt) jusqu'à Alexandrie le 24 décembre, MOHAWK (Cdr JWM Eaton) jusqu'à Alexandrie le 1er janvier, escortant WATERHEN, NUBIAN (Cdr RW Ravenhill) arr Alexandrie le 30 décembre avec MOHAWK

Division 28 - GALLANT (Lt Cdr C P F Brown DSC) dep Port-Saïd 31 déc, GREYHOUND (Cdr W R Marshall A'Deane DSC) arr Alexandria 30 déc, GRIFFIN (Lt Cdr J Lee-Barber DSO) dep Suda Bay 30 déc

1ère flottille de sous-marins (Capt SM Raw) - navire de dépôt MEDWAY (Raw) à Alexandrie, sous-marins OSIRIS (Lt Cdr JRG Harvey) dep Alexandria 22 Dec pour Gibraltar, arr Malte 29 Dec, OTUS (Lt Cdr ECF Nicolay) dep Alexandria 21 Dec pour Gibraltar, arr Malte 29 décembre, PANDORA (Lt Cdr JW Linton) arr Alexandrie 28 décembre, PARTHIAN (Cdr MG Rimington DSO) dep Malte 29 décembre, PERSEUS (Lt Cdr PJH Bartlett) à Malte en réparation pour comp 18 mars, REGENT (Lt Cdr HC Browne) arr Malte 25 décembre, RORQUAL (Cdr RH Dewhurst DSO) arr Alexandrie 17 décembre, ROVER (Lt Cdr HAL Marsham) arr Alexandrie 22 décembre, TETRARCH (Lt Cdr RMT Peacock) dep Malte 28 décembre, TRIUMPH (Lt Cdr WJW Woods) dep Gibraltar 27 décembre, TRUANT (Lt Cdr HAV Haggard) dep Malte 28 décembre, UNIQUE (Lt AF Collett) dep Gibraltar 27 décembre en patrouille, UPHOLDER (Lt MD Wanklyn) dep Gibraltar 27 décembre en patrouille, arr Malte 14 janvier, UPRIGHT (Lt ED Norman) arr Malte le 24 décembre, URSULA (Lt AJ MacKenzie) à Gibraltar en réparation pour comp 16 janvier, USK (Lt PR Ward) arr Gibraltar 23 décembre, UTMOST (Lt Cdr JH Eaden DSC, Lt R D Cayley le 31 janvier) à Malte en réparation pour comp 2 février

Le 8 janvier, le Cdr G W G Simpson est arrivé à Malte pour commander les sous-marins de classe U, désignés 10e flottille de sous-marins le 1er septembre et basés à Malte.

Corvette - GLOXINIA (Lt Cdr A J C Pomeroy RNVR) à Malte en réparation, HYACINTH (Actg Lt Cdr F C Hopkins RNR), PEONY (Lt Cdr M B Sherwood DSO Rtd), SALVIA (Lt Cdr J I Miller DSO RNR), tous sauf un arr Alexandrie 31 déc

4e Groupe anti-sous-marin - chalutiers anti-sous-marins BERYL (Cdr J C Bird Rtd), CORAL (Mid F H Walton RNR), JADE (Btswn J Hughes), tous à Malte

5e Groupe anti-sous-marin - chalutiers anti-sous-marins BANDOLERO (SO, Lt Cdr FMW Harris RNR) perdu le 30 déc, LOCH MELFORT (Pbty Ty Lt F Graham-Browne RNR) dep Haifa 17 déc, LYDIARD (Lt DM Gibb RNR) arr Alexandrie 25 déc, SINDONIS (Ch Sk G Rawding RNR ) à Alexandria, VICTORIAN (Ch Sk MA Smith RNR) arr Suez 21 déc

16e Groupe anti-sous-marin - baleiniers anti-sous-marins KOS.19 (Lt IH Davis RNR), KOS.21 (Ty Lt Cdr IFH Wilson RNVR), KOS.22 (Lt HD Foxon RNR), KOS.23 (Lt Cdr JJ Reid RNVR), SYVERN (Lt Cdr RE Clarke RNR), tous à Durban installant des ASDIC

28e Groupe anti-sous-marin - chalutiers anti-sous-marins KINGSTON CORAL (Sk W Kirman RNR) arr Alexandrie 27 novembre de Suda Bay, KINGSTON CRYSTAL (Lt Cdr GHP James RNR) dep Alexandria 14 décembre, KINGSTON CYANITE (Sk FA Yeomans RNR) arr Alexandrie 6 novembre, WOLBOROUGH (SO , Lt FAW Ramsey Rtd) dep Alexandria le 20 déc

Flottille de déminage - dragueurs de mines ABINGDON (Lt GA Simmers RNR) à Malte, BAGSHOT (Lt Cdr JFB Cage RNVR) dep Alexandrie 7 déc, DERBY (Lt FCV Brightman) arr Alexandrie 19 déc, FAREHAM (SO, Lt WJP Church) au Pirée, FERMOY (Lt Cdr JGD Wetherfield) à Malte, HUNTLEY (Lt Cdr HRA King RNR) arr Alexandrie le 27 décembre, STOKE (Cdr CJP Hill Rtd) à Alexandrie.

91e Groupe de déminage - les chalutiers démineurs ARTHUR CAVANAGH (Ty Sk T W Kirby RNR), MILFORD COUNTESS (Ty Sk E W Oxborough RNR ), tous deux à Alexandrie, MUROTO (Ty Sk J Willis RNR), RAGLAN CASTLE (Sk G Buchan RNR) tous deux à Port-Saïd

109e Groupe de déminage - baleiniers démineurs SKUDD III (Lt AF Harkness RNR), SKUDD IV (Ty Lt (E) T Holm RNR), SKUDD V (S/Lt RAN Cox RNR), SWONA (Lt WF Duffy RCNVR) tous dep Freetown 21 décembre pour Simonstown via Sainte-Hélène

142e Groupe de déminage - baleiniers démineurs SARNA (Ty Sk W T Allen RNR), SOIKA (Ty Lt (E) L Olsen RNR), SOTRA (Actg Lt J M Davies RCNVR), SVANA (Ty Lt (E) T Olsen RNR) tous arr Durban 22 déc

Chalutiers dragueurs de mines - EMPYREAN (Pbty Ty Sk W F Salenius RNR), RETURNO (Ty Lt E R Crane RNVR), tous deux à Gibraltar

Dragueurs démineurs - GIRL MARGARET, PLOW BOY (pas de CO répertoriés) tous les deux à Malte

Dragueurs de mines auxiliaires - BLUE DANUBE (Lt Cdr N D Watts-Russell Rtd) à Port-Saïd, No.1 et No.2 (aucun CO répertorié), tous deux à Haïfa

Canonnières (administré par Captain Submarines, Med) - APHIS (Lt Cdr JO Campbell DSO Rtd) dep Alexandria 31 Dec pour Sollum, CRICKET (Lt Cdr EB Carnduff du 11 Jan) à Bombay, LADYBIRD (Lt Cdr JF Blackburn Rtd) dep Alexandria 31 Dec pour Sollum

Bateaux anti-sous-marins à moteur - MA/SB.2 (Lt Cdr R M Prior DSC Emgcy) à Alexandrie, MA/SB.3 (Lt J C LaPage) à Alexandrie

Navire de ravitaillement - RELIANT (Maître C H Noel) à Alexandrie

Navire de réparation - RESSOURCE (Capt D B O'Connell Rtd) à Alexandrie

Surveiller - TERROR (Cdr H J Haynes DSC) dep Alexandrie 22 déc

Minelayer contrôlé - MEDUSA (Btswn F Farmer) à Malte

Netlayer - PROTECTOR (Cdr R J Gardner) arr Alexandrie 20 déc

Service de cible de flotte - remorqueurs MOY (Lt V G Palmer), OUSE (LR J E Grice), ST ISSEY (Lt J H W Howe RNR), tous à Alexandrie

Dérivants - CRESCENT MOON (pas de CO répertorié) à Port Said, EDDY (Ch Sk J Carnie RNR) à Malte, FELLOWSHIP (Ty S/Lt S Barrie RNR) à Suda Bay, LANDFALL (Actg S/Lt MFB Williams RNVR) à Port Said, LANNER (Sk W Stewart RNR) à Suda Bay, SUNSET (Ch Sk R Cowie RNR) à Malte

Service de contrôle de la contrebande navires d'arraisonnement armés ARPHA (Cdr FM Smith RD RNR) à Port-Saïd, CHAKLA (Cdr LC Bach RD RNR) dep Alexandria 21 Dec, FIONA (Lt JB Shillitoe RNR) arr Alexandria 24 Dec, ROSAURA (Capt R Spencer RD RNR) arr Suda Bay 16 Dec, SURF (Ty Lt DC Wilson RNVR) à Port Saïd

Remorqueurs - EMILY, WEST COCKER (aucun CO répertorié) tous les deux à Malte

Navires de défense contre les barrages - BARBETTE (Ty Lt EJP Webster RNR) dep Colombo le 26 décembre pour Port-Saïd, BURGONET (Ty Lt CT Grantley RNR) arr Port-Saïd le 22 décembre, MAGNET (Ty Boom Sk JW Hogarth RNR) à Alexandrie, WESTGATE (Ty Boom Sk A Stewart RNR) ) à Malte

Navires ravitailleurs - BRECONSHIRE (Capt C A G Hutchenson Rtd) arr Alexandria 23 Dec, KNIGHT OF MALTA, arr Alexandria 22 Dec, ULSTER PRINCE (Cdr F A Bond RD RNR Rtd) dep Pirée 24 Dec

Adm arrière A J L Murray DSO, OBE

Navire de dépôt - LUCIA (Drapeau, Cdr C R de B L Townsend Actg, Rtd)

Croiseurs légers - CALEDON (Capt C P Clarke) dep Aden 29 déc, LEANDER (Capt R H Bevan) dep Bombay 27 déc

Croiseur anti-aérien - CARLISLE (Capt G M B Langley OBE, Capt T C Hampton en janvier) arr Aden le 29 décembre

Destructeurs (Cdr W G A Robson) - KANDAHAR (SO, Robson) arr Suez 28 déc, KIMBERLEY (Lt Cdr J S M Richardson) arr Aden 29 déc, KINGSTON (Lt Cdr P Somerville DSO) dep Aden 30 déc pour Bombay.

Sloops - AUCKLAND (Cdr JG Hewitt DSO) dep Aden 29 déc, FLAMINGO (Cdr JH Huntley) arr Aden 26 déc, GRIMSBY (Cdr KJ D'Arcy) arr Suez 25 déc, SHOREHAM (Cdr GP Claridge) dep Aden 29 déc, Australian PARRAMATTA ( Lt Cdr JH Walker MVO RAN) dep Aden 30 déc, YARRA (Lt Cdr WH Harrington RAN) arr Port Soudan 27 déc, indien CLIVE (Cdr HR Inigo-Jones RIN) dep Port Soudan 27 déc, indien HINDUSTAN (Cdr IBW Heanly RIN) arr Aden 30 déc, Indian INDUS (Cdr EGG Hunt RIN) dep Aden 29 déc

Navires anti-sous-marins indiens - NETRAVATI (Lt G P Ranson RIN) dép. 20 déc pour Aden, PARVATI (Pbty S/Lt H A Romer RINVR) dép. 31 déc., RATNAGIRI (Lt H M Clark RIN) dép. 24 déc., tous dép. Bombay

COMMANDEMENT DE L'ATLANTIQUE SUD

Vice-amiral R H T Raikes CB, CVO, DSO

Navire de base et d'hébergement - CHÂTEAU D'ÉDIMBOURG (Capt E M Palmer OBE Rtd) à Freetown

Adm arrière W F Wake-Walker CB, OBE

Porte-avions - FORMIDABLE (Capt A W La T Bisset) dep Scapa Flow 18 déc

Croiseurs lourds - DORSETSHIRE (Capt B C S Martin) dep Freetown 27 déc, NORFOLK (Drapeau, Wake-Walker, Capt A J L Phillips) dep Scapa Flow 18 Déc

Porte-avions - HERMES (Capt R F J Onslow MVO, DSC) dep Freetown en patrouille le 3 décembre

Croiseur léger - DRAGON (Capt R J Shaw MBE) dep Freetown 3 décembre en patrouille.

Porte-hydravions - ALBATROS (Actg Capt W G Britain) à Freetown

Croiseurs attenants - croiseurs lourds CORNWALL (Capt PCW Manwaring) arr Simonstown 28 décembre pour réaménagement, comp 22 février, 28 février CUMBERLAND (Capt Hon. CHE Russell) dep Freetown 1er décembre, DEVONSHIRE (Capt RD Oliver DSC) arr Simonstown 26 décembre, croiseur HAWKINS (Capt HPK Oram) arr Freetown 30 décembre, croiseurs légers DELHI (Capt AS Russell) dep Lagos 23 décembre pour Manoca, DUNEDIN (Capt RS Lovatt) dep Gibraltar 29 décembre, ENTERPRISE (Capt JC Annesley DSO) dep Montevideo 15 décembre, NEPTUNE ( Capt RC O'Conor) dep Freetown 28 déc, NEWCASTLE (Capt EA Aylmer DSC) dep Freetown 10 déc

Sloops - BRIDGEWATER (Cdr H F C Leftwich Rtd) arr Freetown 28 déc, MILFORD (Capt S K Smyth Rtd) arr Freetown 20 déc, sloop français SAVORGNAN DE BRAZZA (CC Roux) à Durban réaménagement à comp 17 jan, patrouilleur français PRESIDENT HOUDUCE à Duala

Corvette - ASPHODEL (Lt Cdr KW Stewart Rtd) dep Freetown 29 décembre, CALENDULA (Lt Cdr AD Bruford RNVR) à Freetown réparation, CLEMATIS (Cdr YM Cleeves DSO, DSC, RD RNR), CYCLAMEN (Lt HN Lawson RNR), GERANIUM (Lt Cdr Un Foxall RNR Actg), JONQUIL (Lt Cdr REH Partington RNR ), les quatre derniers dep Ponta Delgada 29 déc

Croiseurs marchands armés - ALCANTARA (Capt J G P Ingham DSO Rtd) à Southampton en réparation, ASTURIES (Capt H Ardill Rtd) dep Capetown 13 déc, REINE DES BERMUDES (Capt G A B Hawkins MVO, DSC, Capt A T G C Peachey du 1er février) arr Montevideo 18 déc

Force d'escorte de convoi de Freetown croiseurs marchands armés ARAWA (Actg Capt GR Deverell Rtd) à Belfast en réparation de comp 3 Jan, BULOLO (Capt RL Hamer DSO Rtd) arr Freetown 28 Dec, CANTON (Capt CP Frend) à Freetown, CARNARVON CASTLE (Capt HNM Hardy DSO Rtd) arr Capetown 20 déc, CATHAY (Capt C McC Merewether Rtd) dep Freetown 16 déc pour Clyde, CORFU (Capt JP Landon Rtd) à Freetown en état endommagé, ESPERANCE BAY (Capt GS Holder Rtd) dep Freetown 22 déc, MOOLtAN (Capt CG Sutclif Rtd) à Tyne en réparation, MORETON BAY (Actg Capt EM Haes, Capt CC Bell Rtd à partir du 5 janvier) à Tyne en réparation jusqu'à fin février, PRETORIA CASTLE (Capt EJ Shelley Rtd) dep Simonstown 14 décembre

Navires de patrouille français libres - VIKINGS dep Freetown 29 déc pour Duala, VAILLANT arr Clyde 29 nov (équipages français)

6e Groupe anti-sous-marin - chalutiers anti-sous-marins BENGALI (Ty Sk EE Barnes RNVR) en réparation, KELT (Sk W Mc K Smith RNR), PICT (Lt Cdr WNM Faichney RNR), ESPAGNOL (Lt Cdr FJ Webster RNR), TURCOMA (Ty S/Lt WT Hodson) RNVR) le tout à Freetown

Baleiniers anti-sous-marins norvégiens - FALK, HEKTOR VI, KLO, THORBRYN, THORGRIM, TORDONN (aucun CO répertorié), tous à Capetown

93e Groupe de déminage - sloops démineurs COMMMANDANT DUBOC (équipage français) à Duala, COMMANDANT DOMINE (équipage français) à Lagos, chalutiers démineurs GENERAL BIRDWOOD (Sk WJ Taylor RNR) à Freetown, MAPLE (Ty Lt ES Phillips RNR) à Freetown en réparation, REDWOOD (Sk TH Kay RNR) à Freetown, ST MINVER (Ch Sk J Duthie RNR) à Freetown

154e Groupe de déminage - chalutier démineur POLAR V (Ty Lt K Hendriksen RNR ), SKUDD VI (Ty Lt (E) O M Amundsen RNR), tous deux arr Ponta Delgada 31 déc

Minelayer contrôlé - SNAKEFLY (Lt O H Pullman RNR) à Freetown

Chalutier dragueur de mines - WILLIAM SCORESBY (Cdr H Petit-Dann Rtd) à Port Stanley

Dériveur démineur (appel d'offres à HAWKINS) - ROYDUR (Ty F R Jakeman RNVR) à Port Stanley

Navires de dragage de mines auxiliaires - ARUM, NERINE, remorqueur NGUVU, tous à Capetown

Navire de réparation de base - VINDICTIVE (Actg Capt J B Heath) arr Freetown 31 déc

Navires de défense contre les barrages - BARBROOK (Ty Lt S Wardell RNR), BARCASTLE (Actg Ty Warrant Mech A Burchell RNR), QUANNET (Ty Lt W P Jones RNR), tous à Freetown

GARE AMÉRIQUE ET ANTILLES

Navires de base - BUZZARD (Cdr (A) J F W C Hawkins) à la Jamaïque, GOSHAWK (Capt (A) R de H Burton) à Trinidad, MALABAR (Vice Adm Charles E Kennedy-Purvis KCB) aux Bermudes, PURSUIVANT (Cdr R B Martin Rtd) à Port Stanley

8e escadron de croiseurs - croiseurs légers CARADOC (Capt JS Bethell) arr Bermudes 27 déc, DESPATCH (Capt CE Douglas-Pennant DSC, Cdre 2/c) arr Nassau 30 déc, DIOMEDE (Capt JW Farquhar) dep Kingston 20 déc, DUNEDIN (Capt RS Lovatt) det au Commandement de l'Atlantique Sud (qv)

Sous-marin - MARPOISE (Lt Cdr J G Hopkins) dep Halifax 26 déc

Sloop hollandais attenant - VAN KINSBERGEN (équipage néerlandais) dep Nassau 9 déc

Navire d'embarquement océanique - LADY SOMERS (Cdr G L Dunbar RNR) armement Québec

Navire de dépôt - chalutier SEABORN (Rear Adm S S Bonham-Carter CB, CVO, DSO) à Halifax

Cuirassés - REVENGE (Capt E R Archer) arr 26 déc, ROYAL SOVEREIGN (Capt H B Jacomb) arr 28 décembre, tous deux arr Halifax

Destroyers canadiens - ASSINIBOINE (Capt G C Jones, Cdre 2/c MRC), RESTIGOUCHE (Cdr H N Lay MRC), tous deux arrivés à Halifax le 26 déc.

Sous-marin hollandais O.15 (Lt H M L F E van Oostrom Soede) à Halifax

Croiseurs marchands armés - ALAUNIA (Capt HJ Woodward DSO Rtd) dep Halifax 26 déc, ASCANIA (Capt CH Ringrose-Wharton Rtd) arr Halifax 12 déc, AURANIA (Actg Capt LW Whiteborn) arr Bermudes 21 déc, AUSONIE (Capt GH Freyberg CBE Rtd) dep Halifax 10 Déc, CORMORIN (Capt JL ​​Hallett Rtd) arr Halifax 24 déc, LACONIA (Capt GGP Hewett Rtd) dep Halifax 1er janvier, MALOJA (Actg Capt V Hammersley-Heenan Rtd) dep Halifax 23 déc, MONTCLARE (Capt HM Spreckley Rtd) dep Bermudes 31 déc, RAJPUTANA (Capt FH Taylor DSC Rtd) dep Halifax 30 déc RANPURA (Actg Capt HTW Pawsey) arr Halifax 31 déc, VOLtAIRE (Actg Capt JAP Blackburn Rtd) dep Bermudes 21 déc

Navire de base, Ceylan - LANKA

Croiseur lourd - SHROPSHIRE (Capt J H Edelsten) arr Mombasa 31 déc

Croiseurs légers - CAPETOWN (Capt P H G James) dep Colombo 29 décembre, CERES (Capt E G Abbott AM, Capt D M L Neame DSO de février) dep Mombasa 2 janvier, COLOMBO (Capt C A E Stanfield) dep Mombasa 2 janvier.

Croiseurs marchands armés - ANTENOR (Capt DI McGillewie Rtd) arr Colombo le 29 décembre, CARTHAGE (Capt HLI Kirkpatrick OBE Rtd) arr Colombo 2 janvier et Bombay le 6 janvier, HECTOR (Capt F Howard DSC Rtd) à Colombo réaménagement pour comp 6 janvier, KANIMBLA (Capt FE Getting) dep Maurice 26 déc, RANCHI (Capt CTA Bunbury OBE Rtd) dep Durban 31 déc

Sloops - FALMOUTH (Cdr C C Hardy, Cdr U H R James à partir du 15 janvier) en patrouille dans le détroit d'Ormuz, sloops indiens CORNWALLIS (Cdr H C Beauchamp RIN) à Khor Kuwai, Oman, LAWRENCE (Lt A T J Cole RIN) dep Karachi 21 décembre

Sous-marin - X.2 (capturé italien GALILEO GALILEI, Lt Cdr P E H Heathfield Rtd) à Suez

Canonnières - COCKCHAFER (Lt Cdr A F Roberton-Aikman) à Bassora, GNAT (Lt Cdr S R H Davenport) arr Alexandria 28 Dec, TARANTULA (Cdr R C Creer RAN Rtd à Colombo

Chalutiers anti-sous-marins - AMBER (Actg S/Lt P Le M Andrews RNR) à Aden, MOONSTONE (Lt Cdr P G Britten RNR Rtd) à Bombay réaménagement pour comp 10 janv.

Démineurs dragueur de mines WIDNES (Lt Cdr R B Chandler), chalutier dragueur de mines OVERDALE WYKE (Ty Lt N M Waldman RNR), tous deux a Colombo

Navires du service de contrôle de la contrebande - CHAKDINA (Lt Cdr W R Hickey RNR) arr Aden 24 déc, CHANTALA (Lt Cdr C E I Gibbs Rtd) dep Aden 18 déc, PERRONELLE (aucun CO répertorié) à Aden, SAGITTA (Cdr J O Dunn RD RNR ) arr Aden 24 déc

Navires de défense contre la flèche - BARNET (Sk W Thompson RNR) dep Colombo 30 décembre, PLANET (Ty Boom Sk D Cowie RNR) à Aden, SANDGATE, SOUTHGATE (aucun CO répertorié), tous deux à Trincomalee

Offre de défense de flèche - MAJESTIC (pas de CO répertorié) à Trincomalee

Transporteur de flèche - LAOMEDON (Cdr J J E Barclay RD RNR) à Aden

Vice-amiral Sir Geoffrey Layton

Navires de base - SULTAN (Arrière Adm T B Drew OBE), TAMAR (Cdre A C Collinson)

5e escadron de croiseurs - croiseurs légers DANAE (Capt F J Butler MBE Actg) à Hong Kong en réparation, DAUNTLESS (Capt G D Moore RAN) arr Penang 21 Dec, DURBAN (Capt J A S Eccles) à Singapour

Destructeurs - SCOUT (Lt Cdr DH Harper Rtd, Lt Cdr H Lambton à partir de février) à Hong Kong, STRONGHOLD (Lt Cdr R Alexander, Lt Cdr GR Pretor-Pinney Rtd à partir du 18 mars), TENEDOS (Lt Cdr J O'B Milner Barry), tous deux à Singapour, THANET (Lt Cdr J Mowlam), THRACIAN (Cdr AL Pears Rtd), tous deux à Hong Kong

canonnières du Yangtze (Administré par le Commodore Hong Kong) - GANNET (Cdr AF St. G Orphen) à Chungking désarmé, FALCON (Lt Cdr RS Abram) à Wushan, MANTIS, à Shanghai en attente de démolition, PETEREL (SNO Shanghai, Actg Cdr HV Creer RAN Rtd ) à Shanghai, SANDPIPER (Pbty Ty S/Lt JH Taylor RNVR) à Changsha désarmé, SCARAB (Lt Cdr JA Agnew) à Singapour, SCORPION (Ty Lt Cdr LJ Hegarty DSC RNR) à Singapour, TERN (Lt Cdr MHR Crichton) à Hong-Kong

Les canonnières de la rivière de l'Ouest (sous les ordres du Commodore Hong Kong) - CICALA (Lt Cdr G H Gandy Rtd), MOTH (Ty Lt J Douglas RNR), tous deux à Hong Kong, SEAMEW (Lt Cdr N R Murch) à Canton

Canonnières - DRAGONFLY (Lt A H Diack), GRASSHOPPER (Cdr J S Hoffman Rtd), tous deux à Singapour

Navires auxiliaires anti-sous-marins - KEDAH (Lt Cdr E Neville) à Singapour, SHU KWANG (Cdr A D Thomson DSC RNR Rtd), TIEN KWANG (Ty Lt W G Briggs RNR), tous deux à Trengganu

2e flottille de vedettes lance-torpilles - MTB.7 (Lt RRW Ashby HgKgNVF), MTB.8 (Lt LD Kilbee HgKgNVF), MTB.9 (Actg S/Lt A Kennedy RNVR), MTB.10 (SO, Lt Cdr JC Boldero DSC Rtd), MTB.11 (Lt CJ Collingwood), MTB.12 (S/Lt WE Richards RNVR), MTB.26 (Lt MJ de C Carey), MTB.27 (S/Lt TM Parsons HgKgNVF), tous à Hong Kong

Démineurs - ABERDARE (Lt Cdr G Nelson Rtd) réaménagement, HARROW (Lt G C Hocart Rtd), tous deux à Singapour

Navires d'enquête - ENDEAVOR (pas de CO répertorié), HERALD (Pbty Ty E R Maples RNR), tous deux à Singapour

Minelayer contrôlé - REDSTART (Lt Cdr H C S C Selby Rtd) à Hong Kong

Navires de défense contre les barrages - ALDGATE (Ch Sk JH Cowling DSM RNR), BARLANE (Ch Sk F Bremner RNR) BARLIGHT (Ty Lt A w. Skelly RNR), tous à Hong Kong, BARRICADE (Ty Lt HW Clouston RNR ), BARRIER (Ch Sk RE Souter RNR ), DOWGATE (Ty Boom Eng RPW Tonkin RNR), FASTNET (Ch Sk R Thompson RNR), LUDGATE (pas de CO répertorié), tous à Singapour, WATERGATE (Ch Sk JW Cowling RNR) à Hong Kong

3. DOMINION et MARINES INDIENNES

MARINE ROYALE AUSTRALIENNE

Seules les unités australiennes déployées dans les eaux territoriales australiennes sont répertoriées ici,

Les déploiements à l'étranger sont indiqués dans leurs commandes respectives

Croiseur lourd - CANBERRA (Drapeau, Capt H B Farncomb MVO RAN) dep Sydney 30 déc

Croiseurs légers - ADELAIDE (Capt H A Showers RAN) arr Nouméa le 29 décembre, HOBART (Capt H L Howden OBE RAN) dep Fremantle le 29 décembre pour Sydney.

Croiseurs marchands armés - MANOORA (Capt A H Spurgeon RAN) dep Samarai 29 déc pour Ocean Island, WESTRALIA (Capt H V Hudson OBE Emgcy RAN) dep Colombo 23 déc

20e flottille de déminage - sloop SWAN (Lt Cdr A J Travis RAN), navire dragueur ORARA (Lt J G S Fyfe RANR), les deux arr Port Phillip Bay 26 déc

Sloop - WARREGO (Cdr R V Wheatley RAN) arr Port Phillip Bay 26 déc

Patrouilleurs anti-sous-marins - BINGERA (Lt Cdr E W Livingstone RANR (S) à Fremantle, BONTHORPE (Lt Cdr F W Blaydon, RANR) emplacement non indiqué, MORESBY (Cdr W H Martin RAN) arr Cairns 22 déc

Navires auxiliaires anti-sous-marins - BATHURST (Lt Cdr AV Bunyan RANR (S) à Port Phillip Bay, BERYL II (Ty WO JD Lawrie RANR (S) à Victoria, COOLBAR (Lt Cdr RA Nettlefold RANR) à Sydney, GOOLGWAI (Lt Cdr JP Tonkin Emgcy RAN) à Sydney, GUNBAR (Lt NH Muzzell RANR (S) du West Australia, HEROS (Ty Lt CH Brown RANR (S) à Sydney, KOROWA (Ty Comm Officer du grade WO JH Reynolds DSC RANR (S) du West Australia, KYBRA (Lt) Cdr GL Cant) à Sydney, OLIVE CAM (Ty Comm Officer de WO grade S Armstrong RANR (S) à West Australia, ST GILES (Ty Lt HA Litchfiled RANR (S) à Sydney, TAMBAR (Lt JHP Dixon RANR) à West Australia) , TOLGA (Lt Cdr JH Malley Emgcy RAN) à Sydney, TONGKOL (Ty WO WJ Edmonds RANR (S) à Sydney, WYRALLAH (Lt Cdr GD Tancred RAN) à Fremantle, YANDRA (Lt JA Tapin RANR (S) à Fremantle

Chalutiers dragueurs de mines auxiliaires - ALFIE CAM (Lt Cdr N J Trace RANR), DURAWEEN (Lt Cdr C W J Patterson RANR), GOONAMBEE (Lt Cdr E W Andrewartha RANR), SAMUEL BENBOW (Lt Cdr K M Levy RANR), aucun emplacement donné

Navires de défense contre les barrages - KANGAROO (Pbty Ty Lt L C Parnell RANR (S), KOALA (Btswn E D Wilder RAN), tous deux à Sydney, KOOKABURRA (Lt H R Gaskill RANVR) à Darwin

Navires de base - NADEN (Capt V G Brodeur MRC) à Esquimalt, STADACONA (Capt H E Reid MRC) à Halifax

Croiseurs marchands armés - PRINCE DAVID (Ty Cdr W B Armit RD RCNR) à Halifax réaménagement, PRINCE HENRY (Capt J C I Edwards RCN) aménagement, PRINCE ROBERT (Ty Cdr F G Hart RCN) dep Callao 15 déc

Destructeurs - ANNAPOLIS (Cdr C D Donald RCN), COLUMBIA (Lt Cdr S W Davis Rtd) dép 26 déc, ST CROIX (Cdr H Kingsley RCN), ST FRANCIS (A/Cdr H F Pullen RCN) arr 25 déc, tous arr, à ou dép Halifax

Navires auxiliaires anti-sous-marins - ACADIA (Lt Cdr H G Shadforth RCNR), FRENCH (Lt J W Bonner RCNR), SANS PEUR (Actg Lt Cdr W C Halliday RCNR), tous à Halifax, WOLF (Lt G A Gow RCNR) à Esquimalt

Chalutiers dragueurs de mines - ARMENTIERES (Lt T MacDuff RCNR) à Esquimalt, COMOX (Lt RR Kenney RCNR), FUNDY (Actg Lt Cdr AG Stanley RCNR), GASPE (Actg Lt Cdr HD Mackay RCNR), NOOTKA (Lt Cdr WJ Fricker RCN), tous sauf un à Halifax

Yachts armés - ELK (Lt Cdr N V Clark RCNR), HUSKY (Lt H Freeland RCNR), tous deux arrivés aux Bermudes le 23 décembre, REINDEER (Lt Cdr E G Skinner RCNR), SKY (aucun CO inscrit), tous deux à Halifax

Navire de patrouille - LAURIER (Lt R A S MacNeil RCNR) à Halifax

Navires de défense contre les barrages - FESTUBERT à Halifax

Voir aussi Red Sea Force et East Indies Command pour les navires de guerre opérationnels

Navire de dépôt - DALHOUSIE (Cdr A R Rattray RIN) à Bombay

Bateau d'entrainement - DUFFERIN (pas de CO répertorié) à Bombay

Navire d'enquête - ENQUÊTEUR (Lt Cdr W J C Hughes RIN, Cdr H C Beauchamp RIN du 11 janvier) à Bombay

Chalutier - MADRAS (S/Lt R Williams RIN)

MARINE ROYALE DE NOUVELLE-ZÉLANDE
Seules les unités néo-zélandaises déployées dans les eaux territoriales néo-zélandaises sont répertoriées ici,

Les déploiements à l'étranger sont indiqués dans leurs commandes respectives

Dépôt et navire-école - PHILOMEL (Capt E Rotherham) à Auckland

Croiseur léger - ACHILLE (Capt H M Barnes) quitte Sydney le 29 décembre pour Auckland.

Croiseur marchand armé - MONOWAI (Actg Capt H V P McClintock) dep Auckland 31 déc

25e flottille de déminage - chalutiers démineurs GALE, MATAI (SO), MURITAI (Ty S/Lt R Matheson NZRNVR), PURIRI, RATA (un seul CO répertorié), tous à Auckland

Démineurs auxiliaires

Groupe I - DUCHESSE (aucun CO répertorié), HUMPHREY (Ty Lt J Holt NZRNVR), WAKAKURA (Actg Cdr A D Holden NZRNVR) tous à Auckland

Groupe II - FUTURISTE, MER DU SUD (aucun CO répertorié), tous deux à Wellington

Groupe III - JAMES COSGROVE (Lt Cdr H H Jones NZRNR), THOMAS CURREL (Ty Lt A G Nilsson NZRNVR), tous deux à Lyttelton

GOUVERNEMENT D'UNION D'AFRIQUE DU SUD

Chalutiers anti-sous-marins auxiliaires - BLOOMVLEI (Sk S B Petzer SARNVR), MOOIVLEI (Sk H A Crons SARNVR), RONDEVLEI (Lt R P Dryden Dymond RNVR (SA), SMALVLEI (Lt J Leask SDF) tous à Simonstown

Chalutiers anti-sous-marins - SOUTHERN FLOE (Ty Lt JEJ Lewis SARNVR), SOUTHERN ISLE (Ty Lt AC Matson SARNVR), SOUTHERN MAID (SO, Ty Lt Cdr AF Trew SARNVR), SOUTHERN SEA (Ty Lt A Thomas SARNVR), tous dep Durban 15 déc pour Alexandrie .


2 janvier 1941 - Histoire

La nouvelle année s'est ouverte avec un raid sur Cardiff par 100 bombardiers allemands dans la nuit du 2 janvier, cela a été suivi la nuit suivante par un raid sur Bristol avec 170 avions. La semaine suivante, le 10 janvier, Portsmouth a été bombardé et des bombes perdues sont tombées sur le Surrey, le Berkshire et certaines parties du Buckinghamshire.

Eton College ayant acquis Manor Farm a offert la location à James Kinross Snr., qui ayant été un fermier de longue date du Collège sans ferme, a pris possession de la ferme. Jusque-là, la base de la ferme était une double grange rouge hollandaise sur la route Slough - Eton. Cette grange était également connue sous le nom de ‘Tramps Hotel’ et avait l'écurie pour toute la force motrice de la ferme, qui était à l'époque de douze chevaux. La partie fermée de la grange a été réquisitionnée par un département gouvernemental pour le stockage de fournitures qui, à divers moments, comprenaient des articles tels que des oignons et des confiseries, ce qui n'était pas une bonne idée étant donné la population de rongeurs. Les magasins militaires se composaient d'articles tels que des chemises bleues de l'Air Force et de la poudre pour les pieds, un talc médicamenteux pour les pieds, des soldats à l'usage de.

Le rationnement des vêtements a fait des chemises un article recherché sur le marché noir et une tentation pour les voleurs. One night, shortly after the end of the war in Europe, using a lorry, thieves smashed through the barn doors and made off with a quantity of shirts. The shirts, all one size, bore the size mark 22. German P.O.W.'s arriving for work the following morning at Manor farm espied the shirts lying around and proceeded to kit themselves out. Although Manor Farm must be over a mile from one end to the other, the news that Police CID and Military SIB had arrived at the scene of the crime spread like a forest fire. The P.O.W.'s aware of the consequences if caught in possession of stolen property, immediately set about disposing of their loot putting shirts down the toilet, into buckets and in any other suitable place. One German prisoner working out in the field had no alternative but to bury his shirt and carry on working stripped to the waist on a very chilly day. When questioned by the investigating officers, everyone swore that Willie never wore a shirt or coat when working.

Having learnt to drive one of the new-fangled Fordson tractors, James Kinross Jnr. set about ploughing up the hallowed turf of Agars Plough, Eton. Other recreational areas were ploughed and prepared for cereals including the recreation ground at Eton Wick. By September 1943 the Bucks War Agriculture Executive had designated many acres of grass land around the district including 150 acres of the Dorney common for cereal and vegetable cultivation.

Doris Bentley, Barbara Trimmings and Margaret McIntosh, to name three capable members of the Womens Land Army, worked at Manor Farm and Barbara became very skilled at driving the Fordson tractor. On cold mornings the tractor could be difficult to start, the engine needing to be cranked overusing a starting handle this operation require a certain amount of strength and knack, both of which Barbara had acquired. Petrol used for starting was contained in a small section of the fuel tank, the larger section containing the vaporising oil on which the engine ran when suitably warmed up. Once her precaution of covering the engine with sacking against frost and damp almost ended in disaster a leak having developed in the petrol section of the tank dripped onto the sacking during the night. When endeavouring to start the beast the sacking ignited, and a jet of flame shot up those around beating a hasty retreat whilst Barbara coolly extinguished the fire.

Many P.O.W,s were sent to work on local farms and were available on a daily basis from the prisoner of war camp at Maidenhead, being generally allocated at the farmers request in gangs of eight. Max Schattke, a German prisoner of war came to the Manor farm during the summer of 1946. He was an aerial photographer in the Luftwaffe who had been shot down over Caen in 1945 and captured by the Americans. Having been in captivity for some time on the continent Max arrived in England in late January 1946, going into the large POW camp at Reading from whence he transferred to the camp at Ascot commencing work at Manor farm. Upon being discharged from his POW status in January 1948 he voluntarily stayed and worked on the farm for another year as a free man. During his stay Max was encouraged to converse in English with help from Mrs Kinross Senior and after having spent some time exploring England Max returned to Germany in 1951.

“My daughter and I visited Mr and Mrs Kinross at Manor Farm in 1998 and have memories of Doris Bentley who left in late 1945 to marry a Canadian Police Officer, Barbara who left the farm in 1946, and Margaret McIntosh who married Peter French”.

For the first weeks of January there was no enemy activity in the sky over Slough - Windsor to disturb local residents but the Cities of Cardiff, Bristol and Portsmouth suffered from attacks by the Luftwaffe. This respite did not last, for on the morning of February 3rd., a dismal morning with snow falling, a German aircraft dropped bombs on Upton and Ditton Park, Slough. The sound of machine gun fire sent Eton Wick village school children to seek shelter under their desks and although the. damage was slight but the blast from the exploding bombs caused two panes of glass to crack at the school.


2 January 1941 - History

Marines britanniques et autres pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale au jour le jour
par Don Kindell

GERMAN NAVY SHIPS, JANUARY 1941 (Part 1 of 2)

(pour plus d'informations sur le navire, accédez à la page d'accueil de l'histoire navale et saisissez le nom dans la recherche sur le site)

GERMAN SURFACE SHIPS and U-BOATS to U.150 (all built or building)

Includes destroyers, torpedo boats and submarines completed by the end of war even if construction did not begin in 1941.


The commanding officer shown for units under construction is the CO on completion

BATTLESHIPS

BISMARCK (KptzS Ernst Lindemann) at Hamburg completing

TIRPITZ (KptzS Karl Topp from Feb 41) at Wilhelmshaven bldg to comp 25 Feb 41

BATTLECRUISERS

GNEISENAU (KptzS Otto Fein) dep Kiel 28 Dec for operations, damaged by weather, ret to Kiel 2 Jan

SCHARNHORST (KptzS Curt Caesar Hoffman) dep Kiel 28 Dec for operations, ret to Kiel with damaged GNEISENAU

ARMOURED SHIPS/POCKET BATTLESHIPS

ADMIRAL SCHEER (KptzS Theodor Krancke), operating in South Atlantic

L TZOW (KptzS Leo Kreish from Mar 41, no Captain attached from late Apr 40 to Mar 41) at Kiel repairing to comp Jun 41

HEAVY CRUISERS

ADMIRAL HIPPER (KptzS Wilhelm Meisel) arr at Brest on 27 Dec from operations

PRINZ EUGEN (KptzS Helmuth Brinkman) at Kiel completing

LIGHT CRUISERS

EMDEN (KptzS Hans Mirow) refitting

K LN (KptzS Ernst Kratzenberg, KptzS Freidrich Huffmeier from May 41) operational

LEIPZIG (KptzS Werner Stichling) at Danzig working up after repairs

N RNBERG (KptzS Leo Kreisch, KptzS Ernst v Studnitz from 20 Mar 41) operational

DESTROYERS

BRUNO HEINEMANN (Z.8, KKpt Hermann Alberts) 6th Fl

ERICH STEINBRINCK (Z.15, KKpt Rolf Johannesson) 5th Fl

FRIEDRICH ECKHOLDT (Z.16, KKpt Alfred Schemmel) 5th Fl

FRIEDRICH IHN (Z.14, KKpt Gunther Wachmuth) 5th Fl

HANS LODY (Z.10, KKpt Werner Pfeiffer) 6th Fl

HERMANN SCHOEMANN (Z.7, KKpt Heinrich Wittig) 6th Fl

KARL GALSTER (Z.20, KKpt Theodor Freiherr von Bechtolsheim) 6th Fl

PAUL JACOBI (Z.5, KKpt Hans G. Zimmer, FKpt Hermann Schlieper from Apr 41) 6th Fl

RICHARD BEITZEN (Z.4, KKpt Hans von Davidson) 5th Fl

THEODOR RIEDEL (Z.6, KKpt Walter Riede) 6th Fl

Z.23 (KKpt Friedrich Bohme) 8th Fl

Z.24 (KKpt Martin Saltzwedel) 8th Fl

Z.25 (KKpt Heinrich Gerlach) 8th Fl

building at Bremen

Z.26 (KKpt Georg Ritter von Berger) to comp 11 Jan 41, to join 8th Fl

Z.27 (KKpt Karl Smidt) to comp 26 Feb 41, to join 8th Fl

Z.28 (FKpt Hans Erdmenger) to comp 9 Aug 41, to join 8th Fl

Z.29 (FKpt Kurt Rechel) to comp 9 Jul 41, to join 8th Fl

Z.30 (KKpt Heinrich Kaiser) to comp 15 Nov 41, to join 8th Fl

Z.31 (FKpt Hermann Alberts) to comp 11 Apr 42, to join 4th Fl

Z.32 (FKpt Georg Ritter und Elder Herr von Berger) to comp 15 Sep 42, to join 4th Fl

Z.33 (KptzS Erich Holtorf) to comp 28 Jan 43, to join 4th Fl

Z.34 (FKpt Karl Hetz) to comp 5 Jun 43, to join 4th Fl

Z.35 (KKpt Niels Batge) to comp 22 Sep 43, to join 4th Fl

Z.36 (KKpt Lothar Frhr von Hausen) to comp 19 Feb 44, to join 4th Fl

building at Kiel

Z.37 (FKpt Georg Langheld) to comp 5 May 42, to join 4th Fl

Z.38 (KKpt Gerfried Brutzer) to comp 29 Mar 43, to join 4th Fl

Z.39 (KKpt Konrad Loerke) to comp 21 Aug 43, to join 4th Fl

Z.40-Z.42 work suspended 1942, broken up 1943

building at Bremen

Z.43 (KptzS Arthur Wenninger) to comp 24 Mar 44, to join 6th Fl

TORPEDO BOATS

FALKE (Kptlt Jan Heinrich Hansen-Nootbar) 5th TBF

GREIF (Kptlt Heinrich Hoffman) 5th TBF

ILTIS (Kptlt Walter Jacobsen) 6th TBF

JAGUAR (Kptlt Werner Hartenstein, Kptlt Friedrich Karl Paul from Mar 41) 6th TBF

KONDOR (Kptlt Freiherr Wilhelm Nickolaus von Lyncker) 5th TBF

M WE, damaged, assigned to Torpedo School, to comp repairs 1 Oct 40, but did not rejoin 5th TBF until Apr 1942

SEEADLER (Kptlt Franz Kohlauf) 6th TBF

WOLF (OzS Broder Peters) 6th TBF

T.1 (Kptlt Carl Aug Richter-Oldekop) 1st TBF

T.2 (Kptlt Heinrich Godecke) 1st TBF

T.3 (Kptlt Heinrich Bruns) 1st TBF

T.4 (Kptlt Erwin Hesse, OzS Konrad Sommerlatt from Oct 41) 1st TBF

T.5 (Kptlt Rudolf Koppenhagen) 2nd TBF

T.7 (Kptlt Wolfgang Erhardt, Kptlt Hans Quaet-Faslem from Apr 41) 2nd TBF

T.8 (Kptlt Heinrich Erdmann, Kptlt Thilo-Leberecht v Trotha from Apr 41) 2nd TBF

T.9 (Kptlt Hans Blose) 1st TBF

T.10 (Kptlt Aug Hoepner) 1st TBF

T.11 (Kptlt Heinrich Hoffman, Kptlt Georg Grund from Jun 41) 2nd TBF

T.12 (Kptlt Viktor Mellin) 2nd TBF

building at Elbing

T.13 (Kptlt Werner Gotzmann) to comp 31 May 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.14 (Kptlt Herbert Juttner) to comp 14 Jun 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.15 (Kptlt Helmuth Duvelius, Kptlt Joachim Quedenfeldt from Jul 41) to comp 26 Jun 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.16 (Kptlt Helmuth Duvelius) to comp 24 Jul 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.17 (Kptlt Hans Blose) to comp 28 Aug 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.18 (Kptlt Aug Hoepner) to comp 22 Nov 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.19 (Kptlt Carl Aug Richter-Oldekop) to comp 18 Dec 41, to join 3rd TBF

T.20 (Kptlt Carl-Aug Richter-Oldekop) to comp 5 Jun 42, to join 3rd TBF

T.21 (Kptlt Hans Temming) to comp 11 Jul 42, to join 3rd TBF

T.22 (Kptlt Jan Heinrich Hansen-Nootbaar) to comp 28 Feb 42, to join 5th TBF

T.23 (Kptlt Friedrich-Karl Paul) to comp 14 Jun 42, to join 4th TBF

T.24 (KKpt Heinrich Hoffmann) to comp 17 Oct 42, to join 4th TBF

T.25 (Kptlt Rudolf Koppenhagen) to comp 12 Nov 42, to join 4th TBF

T.26 (Kptlt Wilhelm-Nikolaus Frhr von Lyncker) to comp 27 Feb 43, to join 4th TBF

T.27 (KKpt Wilhelm Verlohr) to comp 17 Apr 43, to join 4th TBF

T.28 (KKpt Carl-Aug Richter-Oldekop) to comp 19 Jun 43, to join 5th TBF

T.29 (Kptlt Georg Grund) to comp 21 Aug 43, to join 5th TBF

T.30 (Kptlt Hans-Walter Buch) to comp 24 Oct 43, to join 6th TBF

T.31 (Kptlt Heinrich Peter-Pirkham) to comp 5 Feb 44, to join 6th TBF

T.32 (Kptlt Hans Dehnert) to comp 8 May 44, to join 6th TBF

T.33 (Kptlt Bogislav Priebe) to comp 16 Jun 44, to join 6th TBF

T.34 (Kptlt Horst Frhr von Luttitz) to comp 12 Aug 44, to join 5th TBF

T.35 (Kptlt Hans-Walter Buch) to comp 7 Oct 44, to join 5th TBF

T.36 (Kptlt Robert Hering) to comp 9 Dec 44, to join 5th TBF

ex-Norwegian

LEOPARD (ex-BALDER, Kptlt Konrad Sommerlatt, Kptlt Bethge from Oct) 7th TBF

L WE (ex-GYLLER, Kptlt Georg Grund, OzS Gerhard Kellerstrass from May) 7th TBF

PANTHER (ex-ODIN, OzS Walther Jahrmarker, Kptlt Friedrich Meier from Jun) 7th TBF

TIGER (ex-TOR, Kptlt Herbert Juttner, Ozs. Friedrich Nose from Jun) 7th TBF

SUBMARINES

completed

U.2 (Kptlt George v Wilmowitz-Moellendorf, LzS Karl Kolzer from Oct 41) 21st Fl

U.3 (Kptlt Otto Bulow, OzS Hans Trojer from Jul 41) 21st Fl

U.4 (OzS Hansjurgen Zetzsche, OzS Hinrich-Oscar Bernbeck from Feb 41, OzS Wolfgang Leimkuhler from Dec 41) 21st Fl

U.5 (OzS Friedrich Bothe) 21st Fl

U.6 (OzS Johannes Liebe, Kptlt Eberhard Bopst from Mar 41, LzS Herbert Bruninghaus from Oct 41) 21st Fl

U.7 (OzS Gunther Reeder, OzS Ernst-Ulrich Bruller from Jan 41, OzS Gunther Reeder from Feb 41, OzS Hans-Gunther Kuhlmann from Mar 41, OzS Heinrich Schmid from May 41) 21st Fl

U.8 (Kptlt Heinrich Heinsohn, Kptlt Ulrich Borcherdt in May 41, OzS Rolf Steinhaus from Jun 41, OzS Horst Deckert from Aug 41) 22nd Fl

U.9 (Kptlt Joachim Deecke, Kptlt Hans-Joachim Schmidt-Weichert from Jul 41) 21st Fl

U.10 (Kptlt Wolf Rudiger von Rabenau, OzS Kurt Ruwiedel from Jun 41, OzS Hans Karpf from Nov 41) 21st Fl

U.11 (Kptlt Georg Peters) 21st Fl

U.14 (Kptlt Jurgen Konenkamp, OzS Hubertus Przikling from May 41) 22nd Fl

U.17 (Kptlt Wolfgang Schultze, OzS Ernst Heydemann from Oct 41), U-boat Training School

U.18 (Kptlt Ernst Vogelsang, OzS Hans-Achim von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski from May 41) 22nd Fl

U.19 (Kptlt Rudolf Schendel, OzS Gerhard Litterscheid from Jun 41) 22nd Fl

U.20 (Kptlt Herbert Schauenburg, OzS Wolfgang Strater from May 41, OzS Kurt Nolke from Dec 41) 21st Fl

U.21 (Kptlt Bernhard Lohse, OzS Karl-Heinz Herbschleb from May 41) 21st Fl

U.23 (OzS Karl Reichenbach-Klinke, OzS Ernst-Ulrich Bruller from Mar 41, OzS Ulrich Graf from Sep 41) 21st Fl

U.24 (OzS Dietrich Borchert, OzS Helmut Henning from Mar 41, OzS Hardo Rodler von Roithberg from Aug 41) 21st Fl

U.28 (OzS Friedrich Guggenberger, OzS Heinrich Ratsch from Feb 41, OzS Hermann Eckhardt from Jun 41) 24th Fl

U.29 (Kptlt Otto Schuhart, OzS Georg Lassen from Jan 41, OzS Heinrich Hasenschar from Sep 41) 24th Fl

U.30 (KKpt Robert Prutzmann, OzS Paul-Karl Loeser in Apr 41, OzS Kurt Baberg from Apr 41) 24th Fl

U.34 (Ozs Fritz Meyer, OzS Karl-Otto Schultz from May 41, OzS Gerhard Remus from Dec 41) 24th Fl

U.37 (Kptlt Nicolai Clausen, OzS Ulrich Folkers from Apr 41, OzS Gustav-Adolf Janssen from Nov 41) 2nd Fl, transferred to 26th Fl in Apr 41

U.38 (Kptlt Heinrich Liebe, KKpt Heinrich Schuch from Jul 41) 2nd Fl, transferred to 24th Fl in Dec 41

U.43 (Kptlt Wolfgang Luth) 2nd Fl

U.46 (Kptlt Engelbert Endrass, OzS Peter Ottmar Grau from Sep 41, OzS Konstantin von Puttkamer in Nov 41) 7th Fl, transferred to 26th Flot in Apr 41

U.47 (KKpt Gunther Prien) 7th Fl

U.48 (Kptlt Herbert Schultze, OzS Siegfried Atzinger from Aug 41) 7th Fl, transferred to 26th Flot in Jul 41

U.52 (Kptlt Otto Salman, Kptlt Wolf Rudiger von Rabenau from Jun 41, OzS Walter Frhr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen from Jul 41) 7th Fl, transferred to 26th Flot in Jun 41

U.56 (Kptlt Werner Pfeifer, OzS Wolfgang Romer from Apr 41) 24th Fl

U.57 (OzS Wilhelm Eisele) 22nd Fl

U.58 (Kptlt Hans-Jaochim Rahmlow, OzS Horst Hamm from Apr 41, OzS Bruno Barber from Oct 41) 22nd Fl

U.59 (Kptlt Siegfried Frhr von Forstner to Apr 41, OzS Gunter Gretschel from Nov 41) 22nd Fl

U.60 (OzS Georg Wallas, OzS Kurt Pressel from Sep 41) 21st Fl

U.61 (OzS Willy Mattke, OzS Hans Lange from May 41) 21st Fl

U.62 (OzS Ludwig Forster, OzS Max Wintermeyer from Sep 41, Kptlt Waldemar Mehl in Nov 41, OzS Horst Schunemann from Nov 41) 21st Fl

U.65 (KKpt Hans Gerrit von Stockhausen, Kptlt Joachim Hoppe from Mar 41) 2nd Fl

U.66 (KKpt Richard Zapp) to comp 2 Jan 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.67 (Kptlt Heinrich Bleichrodt, OzS Gunther Pfeffer in Jun 41, Kptlt Gunther Muller- Stockheim from Jun 41) to comp 22 Jan 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.68 (KKpt Karl Friedrich Merten) to comp 11 Feb 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.69 (Kptlt Jost Metzler, Kptlt Wilhelm Zahn from Aug 41) working up after comp 2 Nov 40, to join 7th Fl

U.70 (Kptlt Joachim Matz) working up after comp 23 Nov 40, to join 7th Fl

U.71 (Kptlt Walter Flachsenberg) working up after comp 14 Dec 40, to join 7th Fl

U.72 (KKpt Hans Werner Newmann, Ozs. Helmut Koster from Aug 41, OzS Waldemar Mehl from Dec 41) to comp 4 Jan 41, to join 21st Fl

U.73 (Kptlt Helmut Rosenbaum) working up after comp 30 Sep 40, to join 7th Fl

U.74 (Kptlt Eitel Friedrich Kentrat) working up after comp 31 Oct 40, to join 7th Fl

U.75 (Kptlt Helmuth Ringelmann) working up after comp 19 Dec 40, to join 7th Fl

U.76 (Kptlt Friedrich von Hippel) working up after comp 3 Dec 40, to join 7th Fl

building at Vegesack

U.77 (Kptlt Heinrich Schonder) to comp 18 Jan 41, to join 7th Fl

U.78 (Kptlt Adolf Dumrese, OzS Kurt Makowski from Jul 41) to comp 15 Feb 41, to join 22nd Fl

U.79 (Kptlt Wolfgang Kaufmann) to comp 13 Mar 41, to join 1st Fl

U.80 (OzS Georg Staats, OzS Hans Benker from Oct 41) to comp 8 Apr 41, to join 1st Fl, transferred to 26th Flot in May 41

U.81 (Kptlt Friedrich Guggenberger) to comp 26 Apr 41, to join 1st Fl

U.82 (Kptlt Siegfried Rollman) to comp 14 May 41, to join 3rd Fl

building at L beck

U.83 (Kptlt Hans Werner Kraus) to comp 8 Feb 41, to join 1st Fl

U.84 (Kptlt Horst Uphoff) to comp 29 Apr 41, to join 1st Fl

U.85 (OzS Eberhard Greger) to comp 7 Jun 41, to join 3rd Fl

U.86 (Kptlt Walter Schug) to comp 8 Jul 41, to join 5th Fl

U.87 (Kptlt Joachim Berger) to comp 19 Aug 41, to join 6th Fl

U.88 (Kptlt Heino Bohmann) to comp 15 Oct 41, to join 8th Fl

U.89 (KKpt Dietrich Lohmann) to comp 19 Nov 41, to join 8th Fl

U.90 (Kptlt Hans-Jurgen Oldorp) to comp 20 Dec 41, to join 8th Fl

U.91 (Kptlt Heinz Walkerling) to comp 28 Jan 42, to join 5th Fl

U.92 (Kptlt Adolf Oelrich) to comp 3 Mar 42, to join 5th Fl

completed

U.93 (Kptlt Claus Korth, Kptlt Ralph Kaptizky from Aug 41, OzS Horst Elfe from Sep 41) 7th Fl

U.94 (Kptlt Herbert Kuppisch, OzS Otto Ites from Sep 41) 7th Fl

U.95 (Kptlt Gerd Schreiber) 7th Fl

U.96 (Kptlt Heinrich Lehmann-Willenbrock) 7th Fl

U.97 (Kptlt Udo Heilmann) working up after comp 28 Sep 40, to join 7th Fl

U.98 (Kptlt Robert Gysae) working up after comp 12 Oct 40, to join 7th Fl

U.99 (KKpt Otto Kreschmer) 7th Fl

U.100 (Kptlt Joachim Schepke) 7th Fl

U.101 (Kptlt Ernst Mergersen) 7th Fl

U.103 (KKpt Victor Schutze, Kptlt Werner Winter from Aug 41) 2nd Fl

U.105 (Kptlt Georg Schewe) 2nd Fl

U.106 (Kptlt Jurgen Oesten, Kptlt Herman Rasch from Oct 41) working up after comp 24 Sep 40, to join 2nd Fl

U.107 (KKpt Gunter Hessler, Kptlt Harald Gelhaus from Nov 41) working up after comp 8 Oct 40, to join 2nd Fl

U.108 (KKpt Klaus Scholtz) working up after comp 22 Oct 40, to join 2nd Fl

U.109 (KKpt Hans Georg Fischer, Kptlt Heinrich Bleichrodt from Jun 41) working up after comp 5 Dec 40, to join 2nd Fl

U.110 (Kptlt Fritz Julius Lemp) working up after comp 21 Nov 40, to join 2nd Fl

U.111 (Kptlt Wilhelm Kleinschmidt) working up after comp 19 Dec 40, to join 2nd Fl

not built

U.112 - U.115 projected only

building at Keil

U.116 (KKpt Werner von Schmidt) to comp 26 Jul 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.117 (KKpt Hans-Werner Neumann) to comp 25 Oct 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.118 (KKpt Werner Czygan) to comp 6 Dec 41, to join 4th Fl

U.119 (Kptlt Alois Zech) to comp 2 Apr 42, to join 4th Fl

completed

U.120 (OzS Wolfgang Heyda, OzS Willy-Roderich Korner from May 41) 21st Fl

U.121 (Kptlt Karl Ernst Schroeter, Kptlt Egon Reiner Frhr v Schlippenbach from Mar 41, Kptlt Gert Hetschko from Jul 41) 21st Fl

U.123 (Kptlt Karl Heinz Moehle, Kptlt Reinhard Hardegan from May 41) 2nd Fl

U.124 (Kptlt Wilhelm Schulz, Kptlt Johann Mohr from Sep 41)

U.125 (Kptlt Gunter Kuhnke), to join 2nd Fl

U.126 (Kptlt Ernst Bauer) working up after comp 22 Mar 41, to join 2nd Fl

building at Bremen

U.127 (Kptlt Bruno Hansman) to comp 24 Apr 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.128 (Kptlt Ulrich Heyse) to comp 12 May 41, to join 2nd Fl

U.129 (Kptlt Nicolai Clausen) to comp 21 May 41, to join 4th Fl

U.130 (KKpt Ernst Kals) to comp 11 Jun 41, to join 4th Fl

U.131 (KKpt Arend Baumann) to comp 1 Jul 41, to join 4th Fl

U.132 (Kptlt Ernst Vogelsang) to comp 29 May 41, to join 3rd Fl

U.133 (Kptlt Hermann Hesse) to comp 5 Jul 41, to join 7th Fl

U.134 (Kptlt Rudolf Schendel) to comp 26 Jul 41, to join 5th Fl

U.135 (Kptlt Friedrich Hermann Praetorius) to comp 16 Aug 41, to join 5th Fl

U.136 (Kptlt Heinrich Zimmermann) to comp 30 Aug 41, to join 6th Fl

completed

U.137 (OzS Hanns-Ferdinand Massmann) 22nd Fl

U.138 (Kptlt Franz Gramitsky) 22nd Fl

building at Kiel

U.139 (OzS Horst Elfe, OzS Heiko Fenn from Oct 41) to comp 24 Jul 40, to join 21st Fl

completed

U.140 (OzS Hans Peter Hinsch, OzS Hans-Jurgen Hellriegel from Apr 41) 22nd Fl

U.141 (OzS Heinz Otto Schultze, OzS Philipp Schuler from Mar 41, OzS Kruger from Nov 41) 21st Fl

U.142 (Kptlt Paul-Hugo Kettern, OzS Siegfried Lindke from Oct 41) 24th Fl

U.143 (OzS Helmut Mohlmann, OzS Jurgen Rosenstiel from Mar 41, OzS Harald Gelhaus from May 41, OzS Helmut Manseck from Nov 41) 22nd Fl

U.144 (Kptlt Gert von Mittelstaedt) 22nd Fl

U.145 (Kptlt Rudolf Franzius, OzS Heinz Schomburg from Oct 41) 22nd Fl

U.146 (Kptlt Eberhard Hoffman, OzS Rudolf Ites from Apr 41, Kptlt Ewald Hulsenbeck from Aug 41, LzS Wilhelm Grimme from Oct 41) 22nd Fl

U.147 (Kptlt Reinhard Hardegen, OzS Eberhard Wetjen from May 41) working up after comp 11 Dec 40) 22nd Fl

U.148 (OzS Hans Jurgen Radke, OzS Eberhard Mohr from Sep 41) working up after comp 28 Dec 40, to join 24th Fl

U.149 (Kptlt Horst Holtring, Kptlt Rolf Borchers from Nov 41) working up after comp 13 Nov 40, to join 22nd Fl

U.150 (OzS Hinrich Kelling) working up after comp 27 Nov 40, to join 22nd Fl

For remaining U-boats, go to Part 2 of 2 , U-boats from U.151 (all building or to be built)

one was building for foreign Navy, the rest captured

U.A (KKpt Hans Eckermann) 7th Fl, on patrol in the Atlantic

U.B (ex-British SEAL, FKpt Bruno Mahn)1st Fl

UC.1 (ex-Norwegian B.5, Kptlt Wilhelm Kiesewetter, Kptlt Georg Lange from Jun) U-boat Training School

UC.2 (ex-Norwegian B.6, no commanding officer assigned until Nov 41, OzS Otto Wollschlager from Nov) U-Boat Training School

UD.1 (ex-Dutch O.8, KKpt Hermann Rigele, Kptlt Freidrich Schafer from May, Kptlt Franz Venier from Nov) U-Boat Training School

UD.3 (ex-Dutch O.25, KKpt Hermann Rigele from Jun, KKpt Walther Kolle from Jul) to join 3rd Fl

UD.4 (ex-Dutch O.26, KKpt Helmut Brummer-Patzig, KKpt Rudolf Singule from Nov) repairing to comp 28 Jan 41, to join U-boat Command


The Axis Conquers the Philippines: January 1942-July 1942

The Axis­­ continued to smash forward in World War II during the first half of 1942. On February 15, 1942, the British Empire suffered one of its most humiliating defeats. At 6:15 p.m., in a makeshift conference room in the Ford Motor Company factory in Singapore, General Arthur Percival surrendered the island to Lieutenant General Yamashita Tomoyuki.

The Japanese made the island the headquarters of the Southern Army, which conquered Southeast Asia, and renamed Singapore "Shonan," meaning "Light of the South." Of the 50,000 white troops captured, 18,000 would die of disease and/or mistreatment before war's end.

The Japanese armed forces aimed to capture a broad area in the south. They would defend the perimeter while the rich resources of the region were incorporated into the Japanese war effort.

Resistance was limited. In the Dutch East Indies, the 140,000-man colonial army was overwhelmed. The northern Philippines, with a mixed native and American fo­rce, was quickly overrun except for the Bataan Peninsula, where 100,000 soldiers and refugees were bottled up. The Japanese captured the peninsula in April.

The American headquarters in the fortress of Corregidor, in Manila Bay, fell on May 6, 1942, after a fierce defense. By early June, nearly all American forces in the Philippines had surrendered.­

Further west, a Japanese force overran Burma and entered the capital, Rangoon, on March 8. A Japanese aircraft carrier raided the northern Australian port of Darwin on February 19, and in April Japanese aircraft sank British shipping on the Indian coast.

This was the limit of Japanese expansion, though the assault had been so successful and rapid that senior commanders sought to capitalize on their advantage with further advances. In early May, a naval force sailed south to seize the southern peninsula of New Guinea while Admiral Yamamoto planned a mid-Pacific offensive. This was designed to destroy what was left of U.S. naval power in the ocean and cut off American aid to the South Pacific.

The prelude to the final Japanese assault was the seizure of Port Moresby in southern New Guinea. The task force that was dispatched south in early May was attacked by a small Allied force in the Coral Sea. The battle was a strategic setback for Yamamoto, who was obliged to abandon his plan to seize Port Moresby and isolate Australia. This was the first hint that Japanese expansion was nearing its limit.­

A month later, Yamamoto dispatched a huge task force to Midway Island, hoping to lure what was left of the U.S. Pacific Fleet to battle and then annihilate it. With a small force of carriers and sufficient secret intelligence on Japanese intentions, the Pacific Fleet commander, Admiral Chester Nimitz, planned a daring interception.

As the Japanese carrier fleet neared Midway, it was attacked by American dive-bombers. Only a few of their bombs struck, but they sank all four fleet carriers. Yamamoto ordered a return to Japan. His plans had been frustrated by America's intelligence successes, astute leadership, combat skills, and luck.

Elsewhere, the global war remained balanced on a knife edge. China's long, drawn-out conflict with Japan had become a formal state of war on December 9, 1941, following Pearl Harbor. Although the Japanese army controlled much of eastern and northern China, Chinese hit-and-run tactics made it difficult for Japan to pacify and control even those areas under occupation.

In May 1942, Japanese commanders embarked on a ruthless policy of pacification -- "kill all, steal all, burn all" -- to try to deter further Chinese resistance. Roughly 250,000 Chinese were killed in 1942.

In North Africa, British Empire forces based in Egypt had moved forward successfully across Libya against weak Italian resistance. But in January 1942, against an Axis force strengthened by a Nazi German corps under General Erwin Rommel, the British Empire Forces began a long retreat back to Egypt. Tobruk fell to the Axis on June 21, and by the end of June Axis forces were a few miles from El Alamein, Egypt, within striking distance of the Suez Canal.

The British position at sea -- in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic -- remained precarious. In 1942 they lost 7.8 million tons of shipping. Britain was able to import only one-third of what it took in before the war. The Allies' persistent bombing of Nazi German naval installations and submarine building sites achieved almost nothing.

The most dangerous situation lay in the Soviet theater. With the successful defense of Moscow in December 1941, the Soviets launched further offensives, trying to find weak spots in the Nazi German line. In the south, the Red Army created a large salient in Nazi German defensive lines south of Kharkov.

But when Joseph Stalin ordered the Red Army to capture the city in May 1942, the Nazi German front absorbed the attack and then encircled and annihilated the attackers. In the Crimea, the Nazi Germans repulsed a Soviet counteroffensive on the Kerch Peninsula. In July, they captured Sevastopol after an assault with the world's largest artillery piece: "Big Dora."

Nazi Germany's central ambition was the final defeat of the Soviet Union in 1942. Adolf Hitler planned to attack the less well-defended southern front toward the Volga River and the Caucasus oil fields. Their capture would give his forces huge new oil supplies and deny them to the enemy.

On June 28, Nazi Germany launched "Operation Blue" with substantial success. The Soviet southern front retreated. So successful was the assault that Adolf Hitler divided the force in two. He sent the Sixth Army, under General Friedrich Paulus, to seize Stalingrad and cut the Soviet Union off from the resources of the south. By August, Nazi German forces had reached the oil city of Maikop and were advancing toward the rich oil fields around Grozny.

In midsummer 1942, the war was poised in the balance. The strategic dream of the Axis powers was to link up in the Middle East. They would seize the Suez Canal and the oil that lay beyond it from one side, and they would sweep down from the Caucasus on the other side.

With Japan threatening India and the United States not yet fully armed, the ambition seemed less fantastic at the time than it now appears. Yet the summer of 1942 saw the high watermark of Axis aggrandizement. Over the next year, the Allies would find not just greater resources but also more effective ways of fighting. They were poised to reverse the long series of defeats that had until then littered their war effort.

Let's take a closer look at these events, beginning with a timeline of early January 1942 on the next page.


1941 scenario (world) (january)

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Similar Content

Java is a small mod i thought of 2 years ago but ended up cancelling it but today i will be starting to make it, this will also be my first mod i ever created. The mod as what the title says will be focusing on the island of Java and Bali, anyways here's what i will be featuring :
A map of the island of Java and Bali (Modern district borders, unfortunately) Including Regions, Cities, and District Names for the Provinces Various historical scenarios New Civilizations New Soundtracks Including Leaders and their flags New UI? (Will probably use 'Conquerors AOC2/EU4' UI instead) Maybe some modifications to the game? ( Maybe changes to the mechanism of the game if i can ) I don't think im going to make the mod for Android too
Download PC : Soon after it's done obviously

bekasi do be looking kinda sus
7:00 PM 19/06/21, UPDATES :

Banten is done and West Java is almost done.
8:00 PM
West Java is done, and Central Java is almost dooonnee..

7:00 AM 20/06/21
Banten, West Java, Central Java is done. (100 Provinces!) East Java and Bali left!

8:00 PM
it's all done! though there are some errors while making the provinces so it'll take abit more of time to finish the map.

Age of Conflict is a mod based on the modern era (1900-present), in which it will be tried to be as exact as possible to the various years in which the mod is based. From completely renewed scenarios of the First World War and the modern world, to completely new scenarios of the Cold War or the interwar period.
This "Mod" I wanted to do a long time ago, I even published a post in the forum, but due to lack of time I had to delete it . Now I have a little time to create it, so this time I will not delete it.
The idea of the mod is completely inspired by Nova Aurora, my goal is to make something as cool as the previously mentioned mod.
Also, if you have any suggestions for any scenario or if you want to help with the mod (either looking for information or things like that) you just have to tell me
Discord Server: Coming Soon
What I plan to add:
Many new scenarios ranging from 1900 to 2021 Rarely seen new civilizations, from very unknown African tribes to rare vassal states in scenarios New formable nations, mostly fictitious, but there will also be historical. Events in all scenarios New music Correct leaders for each scenario, (European, American and the most important countries of Asia, Africa and Oceania) There are more things that I would like to add, such as a new fund or new provinces, but they are things that I do not think I will add due to lack of time.
Future scenarios:
1900 1910 Great War || 1914 1916 Interwar Period || 1919/1920/1921 (Not decided yet) 1930 Chaco War || 1932 World War II || 1936 1940 1942 1945 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Yugoslav Wars || 1991 2000 Modern World || 2021 (Scenarios such as the Second Sino-Japanese War or the Russian Revolution will not be included separately, as they will be included in the annual scenarios)
Progress: 2%
Screenshots: Coming Soon

Helo thare! I started to make a map in AoH2 called alavida. Don't forget to follow and share your thoughts in the comments!
I'll be also adding a lot of scenarios, that's a thing! Don't forget to follow to never miss an update!
Support me on patreon please (click here)
Fond:

PROVINCES: 2565
NATIONS: 75
SCENARIOS: Test Scenario 2021 2013 Venostanian Civil War Mauritovanian Civil War 1518 Stanovia First Alavidian War 1946 Poprattian Civil War
PROVINCES DONE:

Update 6/18/21 (DoH 20)
Happy 20th day of history! To celebrate this, I've made the first alavidian war scenario which you can check below! It's a bigger scenario that took me a lot of time and considering it's only the first part it is making me redecision everything lol also the poprattian war scenario is broken somehow, when you open it it crashes the game not sure why

Update 6/11/21 (DoH 19)
Ahhhhhhhhhhhhhh what a great day to be alive! lol I updated the test scenario (Testing purposes) and made new nations - stanovian countries and started with the scenario. I did not have much time so I did not finish it, I hope next week will be better lol
Update 6/4/21 (DoH 18)
UwU scenarios are here! 2021 scenario is the one with nations i posted a lot time ago, 2013 is before mass independence and 1518 is some history one. Yes, I know there is french empire that got to exist 200 years later, ignore that pls lol
Civil war scenarios are less interesting but whatever
I plan to add 2 alavidian wars (1946-1947, 1979-1988) but don't have the nations yet lol
Well enjoy this info, i may release this "mod" after summer holiday ^^

Hello Everyone, today i want to introduce my first mod ever, It's called "In The Name Of The Kaiser".
In The Name Of The Kaiser (AKA Kaiserreich discount version) is an Age of History 2 mod which is inspired from Kaiserreich, A mod about the world where the German Empire won the First World War for a game called Hearts of Iron 4, the reason i didn't name this mod Kaiserreich because of the Rules say no.
Okay enough chit chat, this is what the Mod offers to you :
New Ideologies. Scripted Events & Peace Deals. Scripted Coring Lands. Reworked World Map Borders. Reworked Population Grow. Removed Diplomacy Points ( I know this confuse you, but i will explain this more soon ). Removed Rebels ( To prevent border gore ). A Lot of new countries. ETC. Here's the world map in this mod

Credits (List might expanded soon) :
-Kaiserreich & Kaiserredux, For the Content, Flags, & Ideas.
-Lipark Japanese Modder, For the Map Background
-Clemendive, For the Qing Empire flag design


Today in World War II History—January 14, 1941

80 Years Ago—Jan. 14, 1941: Off Antarctica, German auxiliary cruiser Pinguin captures 14 Norwegian whaling ships without firing a single shot or causing a single casualty.

Les "V for Victory” is suggested by former Belgian Minister of Justice Victor de Lavelaye, in a BBC broadcast from London to Nazi-occupied Belgium, Holland, and France.

Norwegian whaling factory ship Pelagos, 1931, captured by Pinguin 14 January 1941 (public domain via Vestfold Fylkesmuseum Digitalt bildearkiv and Wikipedia)


The Lend-Lease Act

In 1941 Congress passed a bill allowing the president to provide assistance to nations whose defense was considered vital to the security of the United States. Known as the Lend-Lease Act, it became the principal means for providing U.S. aid to key Americans allies, especially Great Britain, during World War II. The act permitted the president to “loan” war materiel such as ammunition, tanks, and airplanes to allies without expectation of repayment. Though the United States would not declare war until December 8, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act effectively ended U.S. neutrality.

[This bill] will make Uncle Sam the best and biggest Santa Claus the world has ever seen. . . . [it is] the worst kind of blank-check appropriation.

Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, Le New York Times, January 26, 1941


Our West Coast Correspondent

De Action syndicale, Vol. 5 No. 3, 20 January 1941, p.ك.
Transcrit & balisé par Einde O’ Callaghan pour le Encyclopédie du trotskisme en ligne (ETOL).

Speaking before an audience of 100 Negroes recently on the burning issue of Negroes in aircraft, we summed up the whole situation in one phrase: jim-crowism.

And that’s about the size of it. A royal run-around, a kicking around, and an endless merry-go-round is all that Negroes have been getting when seeking employment in the aircraft industry.

There are a total of 8 Negroes employed in production, out of over 60.000 workers in this area. They work at Douglas. The company put them on after a pressure campaign by Negro organizations. This bread crumb is supposed to prove that Douglas doesn’t discriminate. But everyone is wise to that one.

Before we discuss what has happened to Negroes seeking work in aircraft, let us point out that they expect to get jobs just like anyone else for the very good reason that they have the same rights to work and live as anyone else. Besides, they know they’ll be called on to die during war, and they feel a country isn’t worth dying for unless they can live like men in it beforehand. The large Negro population in Los Angeles, numbering over 75,000, is very bitter about jim-crowism in general and even more so about the exclusion of Negroes from war industries. And they are most bitter about aircraft because of the lousy deal they get.
 

When They Go For A Job

When young Negroes go to an aircraft plant, the management tells them that they would be very glad to hire them but they are inexperienced. “We don’t discriminate, but of course we must have trained men,” is the story.

So the Negroes go to the trade schools and apply for training in various aircraft jobs. At the schools they are told,

“We’d be very glad to teach you, but the aircraft companies don’t hire any Negroes so it would be a waste of time. We feel that under the circumstances we should not admit you to school.”

That’s what the more astute and polite bosses stooges tell the Negroes. Others tell them point blank, “You got to be a white man to handle that kind of work. You’re not smart enough.” And similar insults.

The Negroes have experienced so much of this that they had a hard time believing that a white man, myself, was willing to aid them in a campaign to place Negroes in aircraft. The chairman of the meeting carefully explained that I was not running for office or getting paid, but that I was just as hot and bothered about the injustice as they, because I believed in class solidarity as a step towards building socialism.
 

Union Takes Courageous Stand

Not the least ticklish problem in connection with this situation is the attitude of the union movement.

Only one aircraft union has dared to face the issue, has had the courage lo lake a stand on it. This is the Vultee CIO union.

The Vultee union took a stand on the question of Negroes in aircraft, after a disgraceful incident at the Vultee strike victory dance. Some Negro unionists came to attend the dance and were asked to leave. Ils ont dû partir.

A resolution was introduced at the next union meeting at which speeches were given by militants and Stalinists explaining the disgrace this was to the best traditions of the CIO and showing the need for class solidarity.

The resolution, which called for an apology, passed. It also put the union on record against racial discrimination, affirmed the Negro’s right to work in aircraft, and pledged the union to assist in this struggle. The resolution passed by a substantial majority, not unanimously. As a matter of fact, its passage, to put the truth bluntly, hurt the CIO temporarily in the drive to organize aircraft, because so many of the aircraft workers are while chauvinists at present.

The white workers are easily duped by the bosses and their stooges who tell them that if Negroes are hired, white men will lose their jobs. The CIO is doing a good job of exposing this lie. Aircraft industry is still hiring hundreds of men weekly. New jobs are always being created. And Negroes should have their share of them.

One of the Negro organizations here which has taken up the struggle is the militant American Advancement League. The National Negro Congress, a CP controlled outfit, has also raised the issue.

Groups of Negroes are demanding training at least at their own trade school, which the NYC has set up. And they intend to go to the plants and demand jobs or else picket the employment office, we’ve been informed. This is going to be a long and hard struggle. It will first be necessary to teach the union movement why the white workers must unite with the Negroes in this fight. It won’t be a picnic to force the NYA to give classes to the applicants. Nor are the companies going to be convinced easily.

But, as we told the audience

You know you never got a thing in life unless you fought bitterly for it. You have nothing lo lose. Your lives can’t become more miserable no matter how this thing ends up.”

“Soon we’ll have to fight and die for nothing in another phoney war to save democracy which we don’t have. Surely its better to fight and die for something worthwhile.

The response was such that we have confidence in the future. Fighting jim-crowism in aircraft isn’t the only fight these splendid people are going to make.


Voir la vidéo: 1941. Фильм третий Оглушительное молчание полный выпуск